Text: Mark 4:1-20 (Part 2)
The Teaching of Parables and the Kingdom of God (1:15; 4:1-2)
- The kingdom of God has been prophesied and is now being fulfilled in Jesus (Mark 1:15).
- Jesus begins to teach through parables in order to describe the kingdom of God to His disciples.
The Terrain of Two Different Hearts (4:3-9)
- The Unbelieving Heart is described as hard, shallow, and thorny ground that is unable to produce any lasting fruit.
- The Believing Heart is described as good ground that produces abundant fruit.
The Target of the Parable (4:10-12)
- Jesus’ parables are accessible and relatable, but are not understandable apart from knowing Jesus; He must open our eyes to the Truth!
- Jesus’ parables expose those who are outside and reveal who is inside; it comes down to rejecting Christ’s Word versus hearing and obeying Christ’s Word.
The Totality of the Parable (4:13-20)
- Jesus explains and applies the meaning of the parable:
- The Sower represents Jesus and His followers
- The Seed represents the Word of the Gospel
- The Soils represent four different types of heart-responses to the Gospel: Hard, Shallow, Thorny, and Fruitful ground
- This parable has massive implications on how we interpret Jesus’ parables and how we carry out Jesus’ mission.